A student’s third-grade score is an important turning point when their focus changes from learning to read to reading to learn. Many states follow the law ascertaining a student to read at a certain level to qualify for fourth standard, commonly known as the third-grade retention law. As per this law, no pupil is promoted without reaching third-grade level reading skills.
- Early identification and intervention are a crucial component to follow a retention policy
- Early identification leads test results to improve and further helps in declining the student retention rate
- A mandatory retention policy provides urgency of reading and learning to the students of third grade who want to get promoted in the next standard
- Promoting students to the upper class before they are ready, may set them up for failure in future
- Promoting all the students send a wrong message where a student can feel that they can achieve without working hard. Also, parents get a false impression of their child’s progress
- The pressure to meet education standards motivate a teacher to do their job in a more effective manner
Modern educators are sure that children need to read by third grade so that they can use the skill to learn other subjects as well. And if a child fails in the reading test,theymust repeat the third grade to make their foundation stronger. Third grade is like a pivot point where a student uses their reading skills to learn other important topics.
Guidelines for schools for third-grade reading and retention policies:
Best primary schools in Singapore ensure students to have adequate literacy when they reach grade third. The guidelines for improving reading proficiency include:
- To set annual goals for improvement and report publicly on how well these goals are met
- Campaign for grade-level reading efficiency and empower parents and educators to help young students to acquire reading skills
- To assess knowledge of reading as early as possible (kindergarten), and to provide numerous avenues for struggling readers to help them acquire more reading skills
- Apply evidence-based inventions for struggling readers and ensure personalized instructions to enhance student’s achievements
- Prepare teachers preparation program to the robust development of oral language and a sound vocabulary
- Identify the teachers who are more successful at teaching and provide them with leverage for their talents in multiple ways
- To make sure that parents are well pre-informed if their child is a struggling reader. Providing a home literacy plan and be sure that the parents are aware of a state retention policy
- Create a website with the support of local media to establish an aggressive communication campaign. Research on early literacy skill, book recommendations, links to vocabulary building exercises, and other research programs.
Conclusion: Retention should not be the first or only step to improve struggling readers. If a child is identified early and is given proper attention, it is more likely that they will improve their knowledge and skills.